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[CAT] FIACAT and ACAT Chad’s alternative report to the initial report of Chad before the CAT

April 2009

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Alternative FIACAT and ACAT Chad report on implementation of the Convention against Torture and other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment

On 9 June 1995, Chad ratified the Convention against Torture and other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment. In accordance with article 19 of this text, it recognised the jurisdiction of the Committee against Torture (CAT).

On 4 September 2007, the government of Chad published its first review 11 years late; it had been due to be delivered to the Committee in July 1996.

FIACAT and ACAT Chad are honoured to be able to present to the United Nations Committee against Torture (CAT) their concerns set out below regarding the implementation by Chad of the United Nations Convention against Torture and other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment.

This report is to be delivered during the 42nd session of the Committee against Torture that will be held in Geneva between 27 April and 15 May 2009 during which Chad’s initial review will be examined. This review replaces the initial review and the second and third periodic reviews.

This alternative report is divided into three parts:

- The introduction outlines the general international and legal framework on human rights protection and the political situation in Chad.
- Part two analyses, article by article, implementation nationally by Chad of the Convention against Torture.
- The report concludes with a series of recommendations made by FIACAT and ACAT Chad to the Committee against Torture.

Two remarks can immediately be made:
- Chadian legislation is incomplete and sometimes flies in the face of the principles of the Convention making it possible to perpetrate acts of torture and other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment;
- Despite positive moves forward by the Chad government in its first review, in practice actions can stray significantly from texts currently in force.

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