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At the international level

May 2005

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- Universal Declaration of Human Rights
Adopted on 10 December 1948.

Article 5 :
"No one shall be subjected to torture or to cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment".

- Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment
Adopted in 1984, entry into force 26 June 1987.

Status of ratifications and reservations

More information on the work of the Committee Against Torture

- Optional Protocol to the UN Convention against torture
Adopted in December 2002 and entered into force on the 22th June 2006.

It installs a system which combines the visits to places of detention by an international group of experts and those by national independent organisms.

Status of ratification

More information on the work of the Subcommittee on Prevention of Torture

- International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights
Entry into force on the 23 March 1976.

Article 7
No one shall be subjected to torture or to cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment. In particular, no one shall be subjected without his free consent to medical or scientific experimentation.

More information on the work of the Human Rights Committee

- Convention on the Rights of the Child
Entry into force 2 September 1990.

(arts. 19; 28, para. 2; and 37, inter alia)

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