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Committee for the Prevention of Torture in Africa (CPTA)

To ensure effective implementation of the provisions of Article 5 of the African Charter on Human and Peoples’ Rights on the prohibition of torture, the African Commission on Human Rights and Peoples’ Rights has adopted a text called "The Guidelines and Measures for the Prohibition and prevention of Torture and other Cruel, Inhuman or degrading Treatment or Punishment in Africa", commonly known as "the Robben Island Guidelines."

These guidelines were adopted by the ACHPR during its 32nd session in October 2002 and approved by the Assembly of Heads of State and Government of the African Union in Maputo, Mozambique in July 2003.
Their aim is to help them member states to fulfill their national regional and international obligations on the prohibition and the prevention of torture. It is also a tool in the hands of the ACHPR, NGOs and other actors enabling them to constantly challenge the states for the Prevention of Torture and other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatments.

In 2004, the Commission established the Committee for monitoring the implementation of the Robben Island Guidelines with a mandate to give effect to the promotion of Article 5 of the African Charter on Human and Peoples’ Rights on the prohibition of torture. The Monitoring Committee has become, in November 2009, the Committee for the Prevention of Torture in Africa (CPTA).

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